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Dissertation Writing: The quality of nutrition in homes for the elderly

October 31, 2020  lola Avatar
Dissertation Writing: The quality of nutrition in homes for the elderly

Healthy eating is not just a requirement but a lifestyle. It becomes essential as we grow old to take extra care of our diet. The choice of what we eat can change how we fare in the older days of our life. A balanced diet is essential for a healthy and long life.
As we grow old, our need for nutrition also grows. In youth, people do not care about the nutritional factor of the food and eat a lot of junk food, and the trend is now expanding to the elderly population.
First of all, we know what our bodies need as we grow older as our bodies’ nutritional needs sharply differ from the younger body. Although eating right and staying fit is essential regardless of age, but if you don’t change, take care of your elders’ eating habits, they might
suffer from adverse health effects.

Essential nutrients for elderly people

The diet of older adults must contain the following nutrients in the diet. The essential nutrients and their health effects are discussed below, but you must consult a doctor if you have a nutritional deficiency of any kind.

Calcium

To maintain healthy bones at an old age, adults need to consume more calcium and vitamin D to fulfil the needs of vitamin D and calcium; it is essential to increase the intake of calcium-rich foods and drinks. Dark green leafy vegetables, fruit juices, canned fish, fortified cereal, and plant-based beverages are a rich source of calcium, and they don’t stress the digestive system as well. Eat foods like salmon, fatty fish, eggs to meet the needs of vitamin D. If you feel like older family members suffer from calcium deficiency, then increase their dairy intake, especially low-fat milk. Similarly, for Vitamin D, eating red meat, liver, and oily fish can help. If the deficiency is severe, then immediately consult the physician and start multi-vitamin intake at a physicians’ designated time.

Dietary Fiber

Dietary fibres are an essential component of food and necessary to normalize bowel movements and increase bowel health. Dietary fibres are also needed food to lower cholesterol levels and control sugar levels in the blood. People with a regular and balanced intake of fibrous foods tend to live longer. Dietary fibres are found in foods like whole-grain bread, beans, and peas, which reduces the risk of Type 2 diabetes and lowers the risk of heart diseases. Fruits and vegetables that provide dietary fibre can also be eaten. Most of the fruits are a rich source of dietary fibres, especially raw vegetables like carrots, lentils, and cabbages.

Vitamin B12

Vitamin b12 absorbance reduces as the age increases. It is an essential substance that regulates the body’s energy metabolism. The significant issues that can arise from vitamin B12 deficiency include anaemia (low count of red blood cells), nerve damage, and stomach/intestinal problems. People older than 50 need to consume more food like cereals, seafood, and lean meat as they may not absorb enough vitamin B12. Consult your physician and regularly check vitamin B12 levels.

Potassium

The average person needs to consume 4,700 milligrams (mg) of potassium every day. Most people are not able to meet that goal, and to maintain a healthy diet; it is essential to eat potassium-rich foods. Foods like bananas, oranges, honeydew, apricots, grapefruit, spinach, broccoli, mushrooms, peas, cucumbers, zucchini, tuna, and beans, etc. are the primary sources of potassium. People suffering from kidney-related issues must be careful with potassium intake and plan their diet by consulting with their doctor and nutritionist. Many researchers and dissertation writing services are striving to help potassium intolerant patients with their research.

Dissertation Writing: The quality of nutrition in homes for the elderly 2

Foods that elders should avoid

As one age, his/her body needs extra care to maintain and increase life’s longevity. Older the age, the higher the risks of food ingestion, food poisoning, and other healthy eating issues. There are some foods that elders should avoid with the increase of age. Older adults must
avoid the following foods to enjoy health and save themselves from diseases.

  • Foods that contain high-fat content like burgers and fries.
  • Fizzy drinks can adversely affect the internal stomach lining and cause an acid imbalance.
  • Raw and half-cooked meat can be challenging to digest as mobility is limited in older adults. To digest meat, a fair amount of physical activity is necessary.
  • Excess intake of caffeine can also disturb the digestive system. Caffeine rich foods include tea, coffee, fizzy drinks, and commercially available energy drinks.
  • Older adults should avoid drinking alcoholic beverages.
  • Intake of the common salts and sugar must be limited.
  • It is highly critical to avoid these foods to develop a severe risk of sepsis, infection, hypertension, etc. to seniors. It can exacerbate the underlying health problems or create new issues.

Plan the meals

Generally, the human body requires three intakes of food every day: breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Breakfast is the most important meal of the day, as it is essential to eat a balanced breakfast to kickstart your day. Include dairy products, eggs, lentils, and bread in your
breakfast. Make yoghurt a regular part of breakfast as its probiotic capabilities offer immense benefits to the digestive system.
Lunch is a necessary meal to provide energy to the body to keep it fresh throughout the day. The last meal of the day should be light and must not stress the stomach. Walk a mile or two after eating your dinner to help indigestion.

What is good for breakfast for elderlies

The health benefits of a healthy breakfast are tremendous. Here are 12 examples of a healthy breakfast that you can make a part of your diet.
A healthy breakfast determines a healthy mind and provides significant energy to go through the entire day. Fruit Salad, Oatmeal with fruit, French toast, Green smoothies, Tofu scrambles are great for older adults to eat at breakfast. Yoghurt contains beneficial probiotic bacteria that
help the elders quickly digest their food and provide some essential nutrients—creamy green foods like avocado help in keeping your heart healthy by lowering bad cholesterol in the body.

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